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COP22 - Africa in Action

Rural Economy & Agriculture

Rural Economy & Agriculture

The African Union is committed to Strengthening a people centered Union through active communication of the programmes of the African Union, the branding of the Union and participation of Member States and other stakeholders in defining and implementing the African agenda.

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The Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP)
The Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) was endorsed at the African Union Heads of State Summit as a New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) program in July 2003. The overall goal of CAADP is to “Help African countries reach a higher path of economic growth through agriculture- led development, which eliminates hunger, reduces poverty and food insecurity, and enables expansion of exports.” CAADP is a growth-oriented agricultural development agenda, aimed at increasing agriculture growth rates to a minimum of six percent per year to create the wealth needed for rural communities and households in Africa to prosper.
Climate Change and Desertification
The overall Objective of the African Union Commission on its program on Climate Change and Desertification is to provide policy and political guidance, and to enhance coordination and harmonization of Africa’s activities in the field of climate change and desertification within the overall framework of the Climate for Development in Africa (CLIMDEV) which is a joint initiative of African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and the African Union Commission (AUC). It will ensure an effective engagement of Africa’s political leadership at all levels using the AU structures in order to advance climate change and desertification issues. Furthermore, it would enhance partnership with the international development community in aligning and harmonizing the technical and financial support along the climate change agenda.
Africa Regional Strategy for Disaster Risk Reduction
Recognizing the fact that natural and human induced disasters put development at large at risk the African Union established an overarching Africa Regional Strategy for Disaster Risk Reduction in 2004. The Strategy aims to contribute to the attainment of sustainable development and poverty reduction by facilitating the integration of disaster risk reduction into development.
Great Green Wall for the Sahara and Sahel
The Great Green Wall or Great Green Wall of the Sahara and the Sahel Initiative ( L’ initiative de la Grande Muraille Verte pour le Sahara et le Sahel) is a planned project to plant a wall of trees across Africa at the southern edge of the Sahara desert as a means to prevent desertification. Initiated in 2005 by H.E. President Olusugon Obasanjo of Nigeria, and Abdoulaye Wade of Senegal, It was adopted and developed by the African Union to address the detrimental social, economic and environmental impacts of land degradation and desertification in the Sahel and the Sahara.
Monitoring for Environment and Security in Africa ( MESA )
The purpose of the MESA programme is to increase the capacity in information management, decision-making and planning of African continental, regional and national institutions mandated for environment, climate, and food security. This will be achieved by enhancing access to and exploitation of relevant Earth Observation applications in Africa. This platform is established to provide relevant information to all stakeholders about this programme
The Multilateral Environmental Agreements Program (MEAs)
The EC-ACP Capacity Building Project on Multi-lateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs Project) was established at AUC (Africa Hub) in 2009. The MEAs Project has as overall objective to strengthen and enhance the endogenous capacity of African ACP countries to effectively implement MEAs (both regional and continental) and related commitments, leading to sound management of the environment and natural resources and therefore to sustainable development and poverty eradication in Africa.
The aim of this program is to integrate biodiversity issues in African Union Commission policies, strategies and programs. In this regard AUC support members’ state in the implementation of: the Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD); the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit Sharing (ABS); and illicit wildlife trafficking.
Water and Sanitation
The AU Water and Sanitation Programme aims at implementing the July 2008 Assembly Declaration on the Sharm El Sheikh Commitments for Accelerating the Achievement of Water and Sanitation Goals in Africa, and the African Water Vision 2025.
Inter-African Phytosanitary Council - IAPSC
Pan African Veterinary Vaccine Centre
African livestock is affected by several diseases such as Trypanomosis, Peste-des-Petits-Ruminants (PPR), Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia (CBPP), African swine fever (ASF), Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR), Newcastle disease (ND), Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD), Rift Valley Fever, Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza et etc… These diseases constitute serious constraint for livestock production and international trade of animals. Economic damage caused by animal disease in Africa was estimated around 4 billion $ USD per year. These diseases have an important impact on food security and the capacity of Africa to achieve self-sufficiency in food proteins. Those diseases, such Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza and Rift Valley Fever are zoonotic diseases with consequence on public health. Better control and eradication strategies of animal disease, are achieved through the use of good diagnostic tools and vaccines.
The Inter-African Bureau for Animal Resources - IBAR
The African Union – Interafrican Bureau for Animal Resources (AU-IBAR) provides leadership in the development of animal resources for Africa. By supporting and empowering the African Union (AU) Member States and the Regional Economic Communities (RECs), AU-IBAR's vision is that of an Africa free from hunger and poverty in which animal resources make a significant contribution within the global arena.
Pan African Tsetse and Trypanosomiasis Eradication Campaign - PATTEC
The Pan African Tsetse and Trypanosomiasis Eradication Campaign, PATTEC, was established following the adoption of Decision AHG/Dec. 156 (XXXVI) by the African Heads of States and Government during the OAU Summit held in Lome, Togo in July 2000, urging Member States to embark on a Pan African Tsetse and Trypanosomiasis Eradication Campaign, (PATTEC).
The Partnership for Aflatoxin Control in Africa - PACA
The Partnership for Aflatoxin Control in Africa (PACA) is a collaboration which aims to protect crops, livestock, and people from the effects of aflatoxins. By combating these toxins, PACA will contribute to improving food security, health, and trade across the African continent.
Department of Rural Economy and Agriculture
The Department’s mandate is to boost AU Member States’ rural economy development and agricultural productivity by supporting the adoption of measures, strategies, policies and programmes on agriculture. It works closely with the Regional Economic Communities (RECs) and other partners.