AUHRM Project Focus Area: Colonialism

When slavery had not made any more economic sense, the masters began a campaign which could be said to enslave Africa’s in their own land instead of shipping them across the world. In Africa which saw Africa being invaded by European imperialist in the 1870s and 1900, which was motivated by three main factors, economic, political, and social. This was an expansion of the industrial revolution of wealth seeking and Africa was the perfect place to do such since it possessed human capital and natural resources. The very same nations that dealt with slave invaded Africa under the lens of civilising Africans.

Following the Berlin conference which was called upon to divide Africa for the imperial power to seize control of, the General Act of the Berlin Conference was used by the colonial powers. The campaign was to allow the imperialist to physically pick and choose which parts of Africa they wanted. After this, majoring of Africa was invaded economically, socially and politically. States were created and were administered by foreign military, resources were extracted and shipped outside of the continent. These states were not independent but extensions of the territory of the imperialists, they had no governments or self-elected leaders. Instead they had systems of local administration headed by a chief or local leader who reported to the masters. For years the project of colonialism had crept its way in the social and mental lives of African, the way of life changed, language, traditional and cultures were wiped away and replaced with foreign ones.

Similar to other periods of Africa’s devastation, decolonisation emerged after resistance from the Africans themselves who advocated for independence. The imperialist caved into the mounting pressure from the international community. In the 1960s’ most of the colonial territories were declared independent and new sovereign states emerged.