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Intergovernmental Authority for Development (IGAD)


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The Intergovernmental Authority on  Development (IGAD) in Eastern Africa was created in 1996 to supersede the  Intergovernmental Authority on Drought and Development (IGADD) which was  founded in 1986. The recurring and severe droughts and other natural disasters  between 1974 and 1984 caused widespread famine, ecological degradation and  economic hardship in the Eastern Africa region. Although individual countries  made substantial efforts to cope with the situation and received generous  support from the international community, the magnitude and extent of the  problem argued strongly for a regional approach to supplement national efforts.

In 1983 and 1984, six countries in  the Horn of Africa - Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan and Uganda -  took action through the United Nations to establish an intergovernmental body  for development and drought control in their region. The Assembly of Heads of  State and Government met in Djibouti in January 1986 to sign the Agreement  which officially launched IGADD with Headquarters in Djibouti. The State of  Eritrea became the seventh member after attaining independence in 1993.
In April 1995 in Addis Ababa, the Assembly of Heads of State and Government  made a Declaration to revitalise IGADD and expand cooperation among member  states. On 21 March 1996 in Nairobi the Assembly of Heads of State and  Government signed 'Letter of Instrument to Amend the IGADD Charter /  Agreement" establishing the revitalised IGAD with a new name " The  Intergovernmental Authority on Development". The Revitalised IGAD, with  expanded areas of regional cooperation and a new organisational structure, was  launched by the IGAD Assembly of Heads of State and Government on 25 November  1996 in Djibouti, the Republic of Djibouti.